An upper GI endoscopy or EGD (esophagogastroduodenoscopy is a procedure to diagnose and treat problems in your upper GI (gastrointestinal) tract. The upper GI tract includes your esophagus, stomach and the first part of your small intestine.
This procedure is done using a long, flexible tube called an endoscope; the tube has a tiny light and a video camera on one end. The tube is put into your mouth and throat, then it is slowly pushed through your esophagus and stomach and into your small intestine. Video images from the tube are seen on a monitor. Small tools may also be inserted into the endoscope to be used to:
An upper GI endoscopy can be used to diagnose and treat problems in your upper GI tract. It is often used to find the cause of unexplained symptoms such as:
An upper GI endoscopy can be used to identify disorders or problems such as:
An upper GI endoscopy can also treat problems in the upper GI tract. The procedure can be used to:
An endoscope can be used to take tissue samples or GI fluid samples. An upper GI endoscopy may also be done to check your stomach and small intestine after a surgery. Your physician may have other reasons to recommend an upper GI endoscopy.
Some possible complications that may occur with an upper GI endoscopy are:
You may have other risks that are unique to you; be sure to discuss any concerns with your physician before the procedure.
How do I get ready for an upper GI endoscopy?
After the procedure, you’ll be taken to the recovery room to be monitored. Once your blood pressure, pulse and breathing are stable and you are awake and alert, you’ll be taken to your hospital room, or you may be discharged to your home. If you are going home, someone must drive you.
You won’t be allowed to eat or drink anything until your gag reflex returns; this is to prevent you from choking. You may have a sore throat and pain for a few days when you swallow; this is normal.
You may feel gassy after the procedure.
You can go back to your normal diet and activities unless you have other instructions.
Call your physician if you have any of the following:
Your physician may give you other instructions depending on your situation.