A hernia, or rupture, is a weakness or defect in the wall of the abdomen. A hernia will not heal on its own; surgery is needed to repair the defect in the abdomen wall. If not treated, a hernia can get larger and can also lead to serious health complications. Hernia surgery can be done quickly and safely.
Your physician will talk with you about getting ready for surgery. Follow all the instructions the physician gives you and be sure to:
Arrive at the hospital at your scheduled time; you’ll be asked to change into a gown. An IV will be inserted in your hand or arm to provide fluids and medicine. Shortly before the surgery, an anesthesiologist will talk with you to explain the types of anesthesia used to prevent pain during surgery. You will have one or more of the following:
Surgery treats a hernia by repairing the weakness in the abdominal wall; most hernias are treated using “tension-free” repairs. This is a surgery that uses special mesh materials to repair the weak area; the mesh covers the weak area like a patch and is made of strong flexible plastic that stays in the body. Over time, nearby tissues grow into the mesh to strengthen the repair.
When the procedure is over, you’ll be taken to the recovery area to rest. Your blood pressure and heart rate will be monitored; you’ll also have a bandage over the surgical site. To help reduce discomfort, you’ll be given pain medicines; you may also be given breathing exercises to keep your lungs clear. Later you’ll be asked to get up and walk; this helps prevent blood clots in the legs. You can go home with your physician says you’re ready.